Radiocarbon ages and tsunami deposits in laminated mud layers from the Lake Harutori, Pacific coast of Hokkaido, Northeast Japan

Dr Toshimichi Nakanishi1, Dr Futoshi Nanayama2, Prof. Yasuo Kondo3, Dr Keitaro Yamada4, Mr Keisuke Sakai5, Dr Tatsuhiko Yamaguchi6, Dr Kiyoyuki Shigeno7, Dr Kota Katsuki8, Dr Hirokuni Oda2, Prof Wan Hong9

1Museum Of Natural And Environmental History, Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan, 2Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba, Japan, 3Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan, 4Research Centre for Palaeoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Japan, 5Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan, 6National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, Tsukuba, Japan, 7Meiji Consultant Co. Ltd., Sapporo, Japan, 8Estuary Research Center, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan, 9Geochemical Analysis Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

In order to identify the chronological changes of the marine reservoir effect (MRE) in the Northeast Japan, the radiocarbon ages of terrestrial plants and marine shells were measured from two sediment cores obtained from the Lake Harutori, Northeast Japan [1-2]. This lake is located where the one of the greatest MRE were detected in East Asia, which faces on the Oyashio cold current. This drilling site locates in a tectonic active region in the southwestern Kuril arc associated by the oblique subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate [3]. Based on analyses of lithology, molluscan and diatom assemblages, and radiocarbon dating, we interpreted five sedimentary units in order of decreasing age: fluvial sediments, transgressive tidal flat, transgressive lagoon, deltaic lagoon sediments and artificial fills. The lagoon sediments consisted of laminated mud layers with terrestrial plant and marine shell fragments. They were intercalating 28 event deposits by 22 sand layers of tsunamis and 6 volcanic ashes [1-2]. The structure was clearly imaged by a core scanning of a computed tomography (CT) and X-ray fluorescence (ITRAX). The reservoir ages were obtained from the transgressive tidal flat to deltaic lagoon sediments in the last 9,000 years. The chronological change of MRE was correlated with the patterns from the other coastal area in Southwest Japan [4-7] and South Korea [8-10]. The core scanning of CT and ITRAX was performed under the cooperative research program of Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University (Accept No. 18B061, 19A056, 20A063). This study was partially funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Kakenhi grant number JP18H01310.

[1] Nanayama et al., 2003, Nature, 424, p.660-663.
[2] Soeda & Nanayama, 2005, Journal of Geography (Chigaku-Zassi), 114(4), p.626-630. (Japanese with English Abstract)
[3] Kimura, 1986, Geology, 14, 404-407.
[4] Nakanishi et al., 2017, Radiocarbon, 59(2), p.423-434.
[5] Nakanishi et al., 2017, Radiocarbon, 59(6), p.1737-1748.
[6] Nakanishi et al., 2019, Radiocarbon, 61(6), p.1939-1950.
[7] Nakanishi et al., 2019, Radiocarbon, 61(6), p.1951-1961.
[8] Nakanishi et al., 2013, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 294, p.573-578.
[9] Nakanishi et al., 2017, Quaternary International, 447, p.3-12.
[10] Nakanishi et al., 2015, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 361, p.670-679.


After getting a Ph.D. from the Department of Geophysics, Kyoto University, he worked at the Geological Survey of Japan, Public Works Research Institute, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Fukuoka University, Kyoto University, and Japan Atomic Energy Agency before becoming an associate professor at the Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka. He is studying the Quaternary geology, active tectonics and radiocarbon dating.

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Nov 08 - 19 2021