The New Chronos 14Carbon-Cycle Facility, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Prof. Chris Turney1, Dr Zoë Thomas1, Dr Lorenna Becerra-Valdivia2, Dr Jonathan Palmer1, Dr Heather Haines1, Dr Haidee Cadd3, Professor Lukas Wacker4, Professor Andy Baker5, Associate Professor Martin Andersen6, Dr Geraldine Jacobsen7, Dr Karina Meredith7, Ms Khorshed Chinu8, Dr William Hiscock1, Ms Juee Vohra1, Dr Christopher Marjo1,8
1Chronos 14Carbon-Cycle Facility, University Of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, Oxford, UK, 3University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia, 4Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, 5School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 6School of Civil Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 7Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Lucas Heights, Australia, 8Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
The Chronos 14Carbon-Cycle Facility is a new radiocarbon laboratory at the University of New South Wales, Australia. Built around an Ionplus 200 kV MIni-CArbon DAting System (MICADAS) Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS) installed in October 2019, the facility was established to address major challenges in the Earth, Environmental and Archaeological sciences. Here we report an overview of the Chronos facility, the pretreatment methods currently employed (bones, carbonates, peat, pollen, charcoal, and wood) and results of radiocarbon and stable isotope measurements undertaken on a wide range of sample types. Our measurements on international standards, known-age and blank samples demonstrate that the facility is capable of measuring 14C samples from the Anthropocene back to nearly 50,000 years ago. Future work will focus on improving our understanding of the Earth system and managing resources in a future warmer world.
Professor Chris Turney is Director of both the Chronos 14Carbon-Cycle Facility and the Earth and Sustainability Science Research Centre at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. Chris and his team are researching past climates and environments to help reduce future uncertainties and mitigate the impacts of projected change. His website is www.christurney.com.